A Ltd, B Ltd and C Ltd owned 60%, 20% and 20%, respectively, of the voting shares of X Ltd.

A Ltd, B Ltd and C Ltd owned 60%, 20% and 20%, respectively, of the voting shares of X Ltd. There were ten members on the board of directors of X Ltd. A shareholder with 10% shareholding is allowed to appoint one board director in X Ltd. These ten directors were responsible for designing and implementing the financial and operating policies of X Ltd.
A Ltd, B Ltd and C Ltd signed a shareholders’ agreement which gave B Ltd the option to acquire more shares at any time for a fixed price. If B Ltd exercised these share options, it would increase its equity interest and voting rights in X Ltd to 60%. Consequently, the equity interest and voting rights of A Ltd and C Ltd would be reduced to 30% and 10%, respectively.

Required:
Explain the concept of control according to financial reporting standards and discuss whether A Ltd, B Ltd, or C Ltd has control of X Ltd.

Solution

As per Financial Reporting standard Control by one entity on another entity can be obtain in following ways-

1- If it holds voting power of another entity more that 50%

2- it has power to compose board of directors

3- it has ability to direct the relevant activity of another company.

An investor determines whether it is a parent by assessing whether it controls one or more investees. An investor considers all relevant facts and circumstances when assessing whether it controls an investee.

A parent prepares consolidated financial statements if it have control over other entity using uniform accounting policies for like transactions and other events in similar circumstances.

Initially A Ltd. holds more than 50% voting power of X Ltd. Hence, it has control over X Ltd.

If B Ltd exercised these share options, it would increase its equity interest and voting rights in X Ltd to 60%. Consequently, it will become holding company of X Ltd. and A & C Ltd. will have minority Interest in X Ltd.

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