Ratios are basically figures that represent an element’s value in terms of the other. These are one of the most used techniques of financial analysis. Typically, ratios are used to analyse the performance or for comparison purpose. However, it only gives the final figure but there is no clue about the other essential details. For instance, in case of profit margin ratio for 2 companies A and B, A can have more margins than B but the sales are less for A and so is the market price per share. These things do not get accounted for the ratio. Depending on a single ratio leads to an incomplete analysis based on half-knowledge only. It makes interpretation mechanical by limiting it to quantitative values. The context is not complete. However, ratios are good in providing the first-hand information about the performance of the company. There are also other limitations like the historical data in use, open to misinterpretation by a layman etc. Hence, ratios are mechanical and incomplete.
- Chart of Accounts
- American Depository Receipt (ADR)