Trend Analysis
Trend analysis is the process of analysis the financial statements by the computing trend of series of information. With the help of trend analysis tool, we determine the directions upward or downward and computation of the percentage relationship that each statement item bear to the same item in the base year. The procedures for calculating the trend analysis are as follow: – (1) the one year is taken as the base year; first and last year should be taken as the base year. (2) Figure 100 is taken as the base year. (3) The base year is taken while calculating the trend percentage. If a figure in another year is less than the figure in the base year then trend percentage less than 100 on another hand if the figure in another year is more than the figure in the base year then trend percentage is more than the 100.
Illustration: – Calculate the trend percentage from the following figure of XYZ Ltd. Taking 2008 as a base year
Year

Sales

Stock

(Rs. In Lakhs) Profits before tax 
2008
2009 2010 2011 2012

1881
2340 2655 3021 3768

709
781 816 944 1154

321
435 458 527 627 
year 
sales  stock  Profits before tax  
Amount
($’000) 
Trend
percentage 
Amount
($’000) 
Trend
percentage 
Amount
($’000) 
Trend
percentage 

2008
2009 2010 2011 2012 
1881
2340 2655 3021 3768 
100
124 141 161 200 
709
781 816 944 1154 
100
110 115 133 162 
321
435 458 527 672 
100
136 143 164 209 

Interpretation
The figure of sales show cautiously increases from 2008 to 2012. The percentage in 2012 is 200 as compared to 100 in 2004. The increase in sales is quite satisfactory. The figure of the stock has also continuously increased from 2008 to 2012. The profits before tax continuously increase; profit during 2011 and 2012 is much higher as compared to 2010. We conclude that expansion of firm is good and the figure of sales and profits has doubled in just five years. The profits of the concern have increased more than sales which show that there is proper control in the cost of goods sold, other expenditure and overall performance of the concern.